Before we make our own website, we should understand what a website actually is.
A website is simply a collection of web pages. The web pages are usually linked together, but not always.
To build a website, you simply create one or more web pages.
In order for the world to see it, the website (or collection of web pages) needs to be hosted on a web server.
This web hosting is usually done by a hosting provider (otherwise known as a hosting company or web host).
A hosting provider is simply a company that provides web hosting to their customers.
A web page is a text file that contains a combination of text and "markup" code. When the document is viewed
in a web browser, it displays (or "renders") as intended. When it is viewed in a text editor (such as Notepad),
it displays the text and markup code.
Therefore, a web page consists of 2 views:
You can view the source code of any web page on the web. The source code will usually open in a new tab.
To do this, use your browser's View Page Source feature. For example, if you use Google Chrome, go View > Developer > View Source.
If you use Firefox, go Tools > Web Developer > Page Source. Depending on your device and browser, you might also be able to right click
anywhere on the page to bring up the View Source option.
The source code of a web page is made up of HTML tags. Some tags are mandatory (all web pages must use them),
but most tags are optional. The actual tags that you use will depend on the content you want to appear.
HTML is the main markup language for describing the structure of web pages.
HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. HTML is the basic building block of World Wide Web
Hypertext is text displayed on a computer or other electronic device with references to other text that
the user can immediately access, usually by a mouse click or key press.
Apart from text, hypertext may contain tables, lists, forms, images, and other presentational elements.
It is an easy-to-use and flexible format to share information over the Internet.
Markup languages use sets of markup tags to characterize text elements within a document, which
gives instructions to the web browsers on how the document should appear.
HTML was originally developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1990. He is also known as the father of the web.
In 1996, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) became the authority to maintain the HTML specifications.
HTML also became an international standard (ISO) in 2000. HTML5 is the latest version of HTML.
HTML5 provides a faster and more robust approach to web development.
There are lot more things you can do with HTML.
The list does not end here, there are many other interesting things that you can do with HTML.
You will learn about all of them in the tutorials.